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2014 Archived Content

Driving Breakthrough Energy Technologies from Lab to Market

Global demand for lithium-based batteries has resulted in the emergence of exciting next-gen Li-ion and beyond Li-ion battery technologies, however, one of the greatest challenges to creating much needed higher performing, lower cost batteries is moving these emerging technologies from the lab to commercial status. The Lithium Battery Power: Driving Breakthrough Energy Technologies from Lab to Market conference addresses critical issues facing the industry, presents innovative and game-changing research on lithium-ion and beyond Li-ion batteries, and fosters cross-industry discussion on ways to advance viable technologies from pure research to practical application and commercialization. Lithium Battery Power 2014 will present papers on high capacity cathodes, anode structures and anode/electrolyte interaction, modeling, simulation, and high-throughput techniques, as well as address the need to connect research science and commercialization.


Energy Storage: The Interplay between Performance, Cost and Safety

Ping LiuPing Liu, Ph.D., Program Director, ARPA-E, U.S. Department of Energy 

Plenary Featured Presentation

Enabling Future Technologies in Automotive Batteries - Challenges in Research and Application

Simon LuxSimon Lux, Ph.D., Advanced Battery Technology Engineer, BMW Group Technology Office USA

Tuesday, November 11

7:00 am Registration and Morning Coffee

Cells Utilizing High Capacity Cathodes

7:55 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Vishal Sapru, Research Manager & Growth Consultant, North America, Energy & Power Systems, Frost & Sullivan

Featured Presentation

8:00 Secondary Metal-Sulfur Batteries for High-Energy Storage: Hype, Challenges, and Solutions

Archer LyndenLynden A. Archer, William C. Hooey Director and Professor, School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University

Studies by research teams worldwide show that secondary batteries that pair a metallic anode with cathodes based on elemental sulfur offer the most promising solutions for cost-effective, electrochemical storage of large amounts of energy. The talk will show that through clever design of the cathode, anode, and electrolyte, it is possible to create multiple cell configurations capable of delivering on the promise of Li-S storage technology.

Featured Presentation

8:30 Porous Silicon and Graphene-Wrapped Sulfur Nanoparticles as High-Capacity Anode and Cathode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Chongwu ZhouChongwu Zhou, Ph.D., Professor, Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California

We have developed multiple strategies in enhancing the energy density of current energy storage devices, especially lithium-ion batteries. We aim at scalable and low-cost methods which are promising towards real application. This talk will cover two parts of our recent achievements. 1) Si has been recognized as one of the most promising high capacity anode materials to replace graphite in lithium-ion batteries. In our recent research, we have developed a unique porous structure of Si which showed excellent capacity and stability. The talk will present our scalable preparation method starting from low-cost Si precursor and the testing results we have achieved in our lab. 2) We also worked out graphene oxide wrapping of S particles via solution ionic strength engineering. The graphene oxide wrapped S particles have lead to highly stable cycling performance as cathode for lithium sulfur batteries. The second half of this talk will present this facile and robust strategy in developing S cathode for lithium sulfur batteries.

9:00 Development of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Wang DonghaiDonghai Wang, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University

Li-S batteries have a high theoretical specific energy of 2600Wh/kg, which make it promising as a next-generation electrochemical energy storage system for transportation. Li-S systems operate by electrochemical conversion of sulfur through a multi-step redox reaction, forming different lithium sulfide products. The formation of soluble polysulfide and insoluble, insulating Li2S contributes to poor sulfur utilization and cycling efficiency, and capacity fading. The presentation will discuss development of Li-S batteries with emphasis on applications of new cathode and electrolyte and demonstration of improved performances in Li-S batteries. New carbon-sulfur composite with capability of chemical adsorption of sulfur/polysulfides will be discussed. Fundamental reaction mechanism in the new electrode materials and electrolytes to address the challenges will be also discussed.

9:30 Electrode Material Enhancement via Carbon Nanotube Incorporation

Brian J. LandiBrian J. Landi, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology

Promising developments have been made recently with electrode designs employing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a conductive additive or a free-standing electrode (absent of any binder or metal current collector) to serve as a physical support for active materials increasing full battery energy and power densities. An example of Si-CNT anodes paired with NCA cathodes using effective prelithiation strategies has shown successful capacity matching, and achieved more than 1000 cycles with cell energy density of 300 Wh/kg. Progress on designing batteries with CNT current collectors for improved gravimetric energy density, rate capability, and pouch cell prototypes will be discussed.

10:00 Lithium-Air Batteries

Dan Addison, Co-Founder & CEO, Liox Power

Rechargeable Li-air batteries are considered a promising candidate electrochemical energy storage system for long range electric vehicles, but daunting technical problems impede practical utilization of this technology. This talk provides a critical overview of Li-air battery research and describes novel approaches under development at Liox toward realizing this technology.

10:30 Coffee Break

11:00 A Novel SiF4 Treatment to Prepare High Performance Lithium Metal Phosphate Cathodes with Low Moisture Absorption Properties for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Murali G. TheivanayagamMurali G. Theivanayagam, Ph.D., Associate Research Scientist, The Dow Chemical Company

In this report, for the first time, we demonstrate that a novel SiF4 treatment of LMFP powder can significantly decrease the moisture absorption amount by up to 40% without any decrease in its electrochemical activity. This novel strategy to prepare LMFP cathodes with low moisture absorption properties could alleviate the difficulty in handling/storage of high surface area phosphate cathodes and decrease the electrode processing cost with improved cell performance.

Anode Structures and Anode/Electrolyte Interaction for High Specific Energy Batteries

11:30 Novel Organic Nanomaterials for Next-Generation Energy Storage Technologies

Guihua YuGuihua Yu, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Materials Science & Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin

We have recently developed a novel class of organic nanomaterials, conductive polymer hydrogels (CPHs), for next-generation high-performance energy storage devices. This talk will describe rational design and controlled synthesis of nanostructured CPHs with tunable structures and electrochemical properties for electrochemical energy storage. Owing to their 3D hierarchical nanoarchitecture and multi-scale porosity, high electric conductivity and redox activity, the CPHs can enable high energy and high power storage devices with excellent cycling stability. Two examples will be presented: 1) CPHs serve as functional components to chemically integrate with ultrahigh-capacity silicon particles to make stable, high-energy battery anodes; 2) CPHs function as active electrodes for making flexible solid-state supercapacitors.

One D oned12:00 pm Making Silicon Nanowire Battery Technology Ready for Commercialization: Materials, Processes & Components

Yimin ZhuYimin Zhu, Ph.D., CTO, OneD Material LLC

Silicon anode materials have attracted increasing attention as an optimal solution for lithium-ion batteries though there are challenges relating to volume expansion, cycling stability and cost-effective material production. Anode electrode thickness has become a dominant factor for today’s graphite-based high energy density batteries, which desires new, stable, higher capacity anode materials. Dr. Yimin Zhu breaks down the components of a state of the art battery that leads to 550 Wh/L using graphite and highlights OneD Material’s progress on silicon nanowire–carbon composite (SiNANOdeTM) battery technology. SiNANOdeTM enables more than 50% increase in cell energy density while maintaining good cycling stability. Further, he shows that SiNANOdeTM technology is scalable, cost effective and ready for commercialization.

12:30 Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Lunch on Your Own

1:00 Session Break

1:45 Chairperson’s Remarks

Cosmin LaslauCosmin Laslau, Ph.D., Analyst, Lux Research, Inc.

1:50 Development of Large Format Li-Ion Cells with Si Anode and Low Flammable Electrolyte

James WuJames Wu, Ph.D., Research Scientist/Engineer, NASA Glenn Research Center

NASA is developing safe, high energy and high capacity lithium-ion cell designs and batteries for future missions under NASA’s Advanced Space Power System (ASPS) project. Advanced cell components, such as high specific capacity silicon anodes and low-flammable electrolytes have been developed for improving the cell specific energy and enhancing safety. To advance the technology readiness level, we have developed large-format flight-type hermetically sealed battery cells by incorporating high capacity silicon anodes, commercially available lithium nickel, cobalt, aluminum oxide (NCA) cathodes, and low-flammable electrolytes. In this report, we will present the performance results of these various battery cells. In addition, we will also discuss the post-test cell analysis results as well.

2:20 First-Principles and Hybrid Quantum-Classical Simulation of Li Transfer in Solid-Electrolyte Interface and Graphite-Anode

Shuji OgataShuji Ogata, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Scientific and Engineering Simulation, Nagoya Institute of Technology

We have recently developed the linear-scaling, divide-and-conquer-type real-space grid DFT code (DC-RGDFT). In this talk, we will first present our multi-thousand DC-RGDFT simulation study to unveil a special role of salt in Li-ion transfer through boundary between SEI and liquid electrolyte in Li-ion battery. Second, we will present our hybrid quantum-classical simulation with DC-RDFT, on the diffusivity of multiple Li-ions in graphite to analyze the deformation of the graphite. In the hybrid simulation, the QM-regions consisted of Li’s and their surrounding carbon atoms are selected adaptively following the migration of the Li-ions.

2:50 High Energy Density Silicon Anode-Based Batteries

Kang SunKang Sun, Ph.D., CEO, Amprius, Inc.

Amprius has successfully commercialized silicon nano anode based lithium-ion batteries. It has achieved 700 Wh/L in volume production and demonstrated 850 Wh/L in the lab. The utilization of silicon anode requires redesign of battery system and fabrication process including electrochemistry, formation, cathode matching, etc. Amprius technology/product roadmap has shown that silicon anode based batteries can reach over 1,000 Wh/L or 500 Wh/Kg in the near future.

UlvacPMSLogo3:10 Manufacturing Solutions for Intrinsically Safe All-Solid-State Thin-Film Lithium Secondary Batteries

Koukou SuuKoukou Suu, Ph.D., ULVAC Fellow, ULVAC, Inc.

Manufacturing solutions including production tools, methods and processes for all solid-state thin-film lithium batteries will be introduced. All solid-state thin-film batteries which are produced by thin-film deposition technology have special advantages. These include safety, size and flexibility due to their unique thin-film characteristics.

3:25 Refreshment Break with Poster Viewing in the Exhibit Hall

4:10 The Cycling Performance and Surface Passivation Qualities of a Heterogeneous Amorphous NixSiOy/Polycrystalline NiSi2 Core Shell Nanowire Used as a Li-Ion Battery Anode

IsaacLundIsaac Lund, Ph.D., CTO, Engineering, BESS - Technologies LLC

We report the creation and cycling stability of a heterogeneous structured nanowire anode for use as an anode material in a Li-ion battery through a single step horizontal CVD process utilizing a Ni catalyst layer under silane flow. The Ni catalyst layer is extinguished during the growth process to with continual deposition of amorphous silicon from silane that oxygen getters and is nickel doped from the inside nickel silicide inside core to create the core-shell architecture. The NiSi2 core interacts with Li through intercalation retaining its rigid core even while Li charged, the dimensions of the structure reduce pulverization and the oxide doping in the amorphous shell creates a stable solid electrolyte interphase that is reduced through the inclusion of a conductive pathway through Ni doping. The nanowire morphology shows stable cycling and excellent charge rate capability having a stable capacity above 1700mAhr/g when cycled in a coin cell at 1/2C and retaining a capacity of 300mAhr/g when cycled at a 10C charge rate.

4:30 Alternatives to Lithium: Multivalent Metals and Flow Batteries

GregoryThomasThomas D. Gregory, Borealis Technology Solutions LLC

Electric drive vehicles and stationary energy storage applications require cost, safety, and volumetric energy density characteristics which may be more effectively provided by multivalent metal or flow batteries than by lithium-based batteries. This talk will highlight the promises, challenges, and recent progress in these battery technologies.

Modeling, Simulation, and High-Throughput Techniques for Development of Advanced Batteries

4:50 Practical Model-Derived Metrics for Selection and Characterization of Battery Electrolytes

KevinGeringKevin Gering, Ph.D., Principle Investigator, Applied Battery Research (ABR), Advisory Scientist, Energy Storage & Transportation Systems Department, Idaho National Laboratory

INL has produced the Advanced Electrolyte Model (AEM), a chemical physics-based tool that provides thorough and accurate evaluations of electrolytes based on molecular foundations. A few of the many desired metrics for batteries that AEM predicts include viscosity, conductivity, diffusivity, transference numbers, thermo-physical properties, as well as molecular-scale information regarding solvated ion sizes, solvation numbers, ion desolvation energies and kinetics. AEM lets scientists and engineers gain deeper understanding of what vitally contributes to a multitude of electrolyte properties, then use this knowledge to design better systems.

5:10 Close of Day

5:15 Dinner Short Course Registration

Dinner Short Course* 

5:30-9:30 Global Battery Dinner Short Course 


*Separate Registration Required 

Wednesday, November 12


Modeling, Simulation, and High-Throughput Techniques for Development of Advanced Batteries (cont’d)

8:00 am Chairperson’s Remarks

GregoryThomasThomas D. Gregory, Borealis Technology Solutions LLC

8:05 Insights for Implementation of High Capacity Cathode Material in High-Power and High-Energy Li-Ion Cells

Brian M. Barnett, Ph.D., Vice President, TIAX LLC

CAMX Power is commercializing a new cathode material known as CAM-7 with state-of-the-art capacity. Implementation activities in both high-energy and high-power Li-ion cell designs have revealed insights regarding how cell design and component selection must be adjusted to implement high capacity materials. In this presentation, we will discuss the key attributes of these cell designs as well as the selection and matching of active and inactive components in the cell to achieve optimized performance.

8:35 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly of Lithium-Air Batteries

Venkat ViswanathanVenkat Viswanathan, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

Li-air batteries have a much higher theoretical gravimetric energy storage density than all other candidate battery chemistries and this has led to a strong interest in developing such batteries for powering EVs, enabling driving ranges comparable to gasoline powered automobiles. However, many fundamental challenges need to be solved before these batteries can become practical. I will address three issues, based on density functional theory calculations and electrochemical modeling coupled with experiments, relating to the practicality of non-aqueous Li-air batteries: (1) Thermodynamic efficiency, (2) Deep discharge and (3) Rechargability of non-aqueous Li-air batteries.

9:05 Applying Simulation to Advanced Batteries

Steve HartridgeSteve Hartridge, Director, Electric & Hybrid Vehicles, CD-adapco

The application of simulation methods to predict battery performance is relatively new within mainstream engineering. This talk will touch on the application of such methods to several examples as well as survey the whole landscape for such simulations. It will report on the state of the art and important aspects to consider within such simulations as well as a brief look to the future for battery simulations.

The Basic Science/Manufacturing Connection

Featured Presentation

9:35 R&D Transition to Manufacturing

George CrabtreeGeorge Crabtree, Ph.D., Director, Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), Argonne National Laboratory and University of Illinois at Chicago

In this talk I will address the national need to better connect basic science and manufacturing to create higher performing, lower cost batteries, critical to next-generation energy technology, national competitiveness and economic growth. The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), a new energy innovation hub entering its second year, bridges the gap between basic science and manufacturing. We bring a new perspective to the table, integrating discovery science, battery design, research prototyping and manufacturing collaboration into a single highly interactive organization. I will detail our progress to date and our sense of the most promising future directions.

10:05 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

10:45 Challenges for Battery Technology Commercialization in Consumer Electronics Applications

Howard JasonJason N. Howard, Ph.D., Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff, Motorola Mobility

Despite advances in lithium ion technology, batteries today are perceived as a limiting factor in the ongoing evolution of portable consumer devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and notebook PC’s. While there is a strong market pull for “better batteries,” there are significant barriers to commercializing new battery technology for consumer applications. This talk will offer some perspective on these challenges along with suggestions for accelerating time to market.

11:15 Water-Based Electrodes for Safe LTO Large-Format Cells

Hilmi BuqaHilmi Buqa, Ph.D., Head, R&D, Leclanché SA

Exclusive, unprecedented Leclanché water-based production process, applied to all cell electrodes, results in cost effective large format (30Ah) LTO cells, while minimizing environmental impact of manufacturing and ensuring very high cell performances and lifetime stability. Advanced Titanate-based cell technology, combined with unique ceramic separator technology, entails the very high safety standards of Leclanché LTO cells, characterized by impressively low reaction levels to abusive conditions and unparalleled thermal stability in case of overheating or short-circuit, and consequent compliance to the most severe safety tests.

11:45 Cracking the Silicon Case – A Brief History of 3M’s Development of Si-Alloys for Li-Ion Batteries

Vincent ChevrierVincent Chevrier, Ph.D., Product Development Engineer, 3M Electronics Markets Materials, 3 M

3M has been engaged in the study of alloys (Si, Sn, etc...) as anodes for Li-ion batteries for over 15 years. During this time 3M’s interest in Si-based anode materials has grown from laboratory experiments to MT/mth capability. This talk will give a brief history of the development of the active/inactive concept for Si-based materials as well as the current state of 3M’s Si-based material.

12:15 pm Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Lunch on Your Own

12:45 Session Break

1:45 Chairperson’s Remarks

Susan BabinecSusan Babinec, Senior Commercialization Advisor, U.S. Department of Energy; ARPA-E: Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy

1:50 The Scaling and Implementation of a Novel Energy Storage Technology from University Lab to the Marketplace in Six Years

Jay WhitacreJay Whitacre, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Materials Science & Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University

This talk provides a case study describing the path of Aquion Energy, a company spun out of Carnegie Mellon University to commercialize an aqueous alkali-ion battery chemistry. A description of the early findings that led to company foundation will be given followed by a discussion of the commercialization process with an emphasis on key technical roadblocks and learnings that are generalizable to the energy storage community. Finally, the full scale factory currently in operation in Western PA will be explained and data from various installation sites will be shared.

2:20 Battery Manufacturing Industry Challenges

Ralph BroddRalph Brodd, President, Broddarp of Nevada

The battery industry is sorely pressed to develop manufacturing capability in the absence of a reliable market for battery/fuel cell powered cars. Good financial practice requires that a clear market opportunity exists that will provide the return on investment in a reasonable period of time. Establishing a manufacturing operation is very expensive and time consuming. As a result, the path to recovering that investment must be clear before starting the new facility.

2:40 From Research to Manufacturing – Bridging the Gap

Leslie PinnellLeslie Pinnell, Executive Director, Government R&D Programs and Intellectual Property, A123 Systems

Our industry faces a big challenge in bridging the gap from research to manufacturing. This talk will outline many of these challenges from past experience and present one solution in developing effective research and development collaboration among industry partners, from startups through established manufacturers. This presentation provides examples of how this model offers an effective tool to facilitate and accelerate the adoption of early phase research into production and commercialization.

3:00 Commercialization of Nascent Technologies

Susan BabinecSusan Babinec, Senior Commercialization Advisor, U.S. Department of Energy; ARPA-E: Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy

ARPA-E funds high risk/high reward research and uses active program management. Since projects at ARPA-E are funded only once, we work with researchers to conduct their research in a manner which prepares them for meaningful follow-on funding via coaching on techno-economic analysis and realistic first product identification. We will discuss our alternative to the usual early stage research paradigm that the experimental results are needed to drive the cost model and techno-economics – which is that the cost model can guide the priority and direction of the research.

3:20 Ceramic Separators for Lower Cost, Safer, and Lighter Lithium Ion Batteries

Steve Carlson, Ph.D., President & CEO, Optodot Corporation

The features of all-ceramic separators from Madico and Optodot will be compared to those of ceramic-coated plastic separators for use in lithium ion batteries.

3:35 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

4:15 Plenary Keynote Introduction

Thomas D. Gregory, Borealis Technology Solutions LLC

Lithium Battery Power & Battery Safety


4:25 Energy Storage: The Interplay between Performance, Cost and Safety

Ping LiuPing Liu, Ph.D., Program Director, ARPA-E, U.S. Department of Energy

Continuous cost reduction of energy storage systems is critical to realize mass adoption of electric vehicles. The leading approach of employing high specific energy batteries requires system level designs to ensure safety. The ARPA-E RANGE program takes an alternative approach, which develops inherently safer chemistries and architectures that may also serve structural functions on a vehicle to reduce system weight. This approach opens up the possibility of a variety of low-cost novel chemistries and designs.We will highlight a diverse set of technologies including aqueous, solid state, and flow batteries, as well as multifunctional designs. Finally, emerging trends and research needs will be discussed.

Plenary Featured Presentation

5:10 Enabling Future Technologies in Automotive Batteries - Challenges in Research and Application

Simon LuxSimon Lux, Ph.D., Advanced Battery Technology Engineer, BMW Group Technology Office USA

BMW shows strong commitment to sustainable mobility in not only its sub-brand dedicated to electric vehicles, BMW i, but also its intensive efforts in research on battery technology. The main challenge is the simultaneous fulfillment of all relevant parameters for vehicle applications: safety, lifetime, performance and cost. We outline the relationship between automotive, cell level and material property requirements for the development of next generation Li-ion batteries, showcasing examples of BMW efforts.

5:45 Networking Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

6:45 Close of Lithium Battery Power Conference

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