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Lithium Battery Power Conference

Lithium Battery Power 2016
Advances in Chemistry, Materials & Modeling
November 1-2, 2016 | Hyatt Regency Bethesda | Bethesda, MD

Final Agenda

Breakthroughs in novel battery chemistries, novel electrode/electrolyte materials, high-capacity cathodes/anodes and system integration have delivered a vast array of automotive, portable and stationary applications. Significant innovation in research and engineering for energy storage technologies in lithium-ion batteries combined with significant achievements in safety and reliability have propelled this technology to the forefront of innovation.

Tuesday, November 1

7:30 am Registration and Morning Coffee

8:30 Organizer’s Welcome

Craig Wohlers, Executive Director, Conferences, Knowledge Foundation, a Division of Cambridge EnerTech

8:35 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Daniel Abraham, Ph.D., Engineer, Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory

8:45 KEYNOTE PRESENTATION: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Automotive Industry – From Materials to Vehicle Electrification

K_RaghunathanK Raghunathan, Ph.D., Battery Systems Engineer, General Motors

GM has developed tools for assessing advanced electrode materials and cell designs. The tools integrate material properties, cell fabrication constraints, and vehicle requirements to estimate cell energy density, specific energy, and power-to-energy ratio. Key challenges to implementing battery technology in vehicles and GM perspectives about these challenges will be presented.

Applications & Market

9:30 U.S. Department of Energy - ARPA-E: Investing in High-Risk/High-Reward Approaches to Solve Our Energy Storage Needs

Sue_BabinecSusan Babinec, Senior Commercialization Advisor, ARPA-E, U.S. Department of Energy

This presentation highlights ARPA-E’s Technology-to-Market efforts, which focus on preparing breakthrough energy technologies for the transition from lab to market.

10:00 Storage at the Threshold: Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond

George_CrabtreeGeorge Crabtree, Ph.D., Director, Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), Argonne National Laboratory & Distinguished Professor of Physics, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago

The high-energy density and low cost of lithium-ion batteries have created a revolution in personal electronics through music players, camcorders, laptops, tablets, smart phones and wearables, permanently changing the way we interact with people and information. We are at the threshold of similar potential transformations in transportation to electric cars and in the electricity grid to renewable generation, smart grids and distributed energy resources. These transformations require new levels of energy storage performance and cost. The potential of lithium-ion batteries and beyond-lithium-ion batteries to meet these performance and cost levels will be analyzed.

10:30 Coffee Break

11:00 Pushing the Limits of Li-Ion Batteries

Stan_WhittinghamM. Stanley Whittingham, D.Phil., Director & Distinguished Professor, Chemistry and Materials, Binghamton University

Today’s Li-ion batteries deliver far less than their theoretical energy density. Two materials approaches will be described: “Closing the Gap” on layered oxides such as NCA, and “Beyond Olivine” which pursues intercalating more than 1 Li per redox center.

11:30 Evolving EV Battery Performance and Safety Based on Real-World Feedback

Rick_ChamberlainRick Chamberlain, Ph.D., CTO, Boston-Power

While improved battery performance remains a constant need in EV applications, today’s Li-ion batteries demonstrate sufficient capability (driving distance, power, pack size and weight) to enable EVs and satisfy early market growth. This talk shares Boston-Power’s recent advances in EV battery products based on our experience as both cell and pack provider to multiple vehicle classes.

12:00 pm Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

12:30 Session Break

12:45 Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own

1:15 Session Break

Diagnostics, Modeling & Simulation

2:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

George Crabtree, Ph.D., Director, Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), Argonne National Laboratory & Distinguished Professor of Physics, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago

2:05 Electrode Cross-Talk during Lithium-Ion Battery Aging

Daniel_AbrahamDaniel Abraham, Ph.D., Engineer, Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory

Cells containing layered-oxide-based positive electrodes and graphite-based negative electrodes are being cycled at high voltages (>4.3 V) to increase energy density. We detail the performance changes in these cells during cycling, with a particular focus on the cross-talk between electrodes. The performance consequences of this cross-talk, and methods to mitigate this cross-talk, will be highlighted.

2:35 Battery Metrology: Revealing Corrosion Chemistry in Lithium-Ion Battery and Beyond by Transmission Electron Microscopy

Huolin_XinHuolin Xin, Ph.D., Staff Scientist, Electron Microscopy, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Tailoring the surface chemistry to enhance corrosion resistance lies at the heart of materials processing for corrosion control of structural materials. I show that the rate capacity of a large family of phase conversion anode materials, i.e., transition metal oxides, is dependent on the stochastic process of passivity breakdown which can be described by a Poisson model.

3:05 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

3:20 Refreshment Break

Materials Fabrication & Design

3:50 Development of Low-Cost, High-Energy Density Alloy Negative Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries

Timothy Hatchard, Ph.D., Research Associate, Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University

Since the introduction of the Li-ion battery in 1990, the materials used have remained relatively unchanged. Only recently has the LiCoO2 cathode begun to be replaced with NMC type materials. We summarize some of our efforts to explore nanostructured alloy anodes using relatively inexpensive and abundant starting materials, to keep costs down. We also discuss the role of functionality of polymer binders and the utility of some relatively inexpensive polymer binders.

4:20 A123’s Advanced Material Development for Vehicle Electrification: Low- and High-Voltage Application Approaches

Derek_JohnsonDerek C. Johnson, Ph.D., Executive Director R&D, A123 Systems, LLC

To produce safe, high-energy density cells utilizing nickel-rich NCM cathodes and large-capacity anode materials, A123 is implementing the same crystal level doping and surface coating approach that has been effective for low-voltage material development. We focus on the high-power material development resulting in LiSBs with cold crank capabilities that surpass lead-acid batteries and high-energy advancements at the material and cell level to achieve energy densities approaching 300 Wh/kg and 600 Wh/L for EV applications.

Low Temperature Recharging

4:50 Opportunities for Safe Low Temperature Recharging

Corey_LoveCorey T. Love, Ph.D., Materials Research Engineer, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

Recent lithium-ion battery safety incidents have resulted from operation or charging at low temperatures. Slow mass transport and charge transfer kinetics at low temperature can lead to lithium dendrite formation on the anode surface. We have shown the onset time for dendrite nucleation and growth as well as dendrite morphology to be temperature-dependent processes. We highlight advanced materials, cell component selection and informed charging protocols as a combined strategy to overcome the dendrites issue observed at low temperature.

5:20 Close of Day and Dinner Workshop Registration

5:30-8:30 Dinner Workshops*

W1: Energy Storage Innovation: Technologies and Markets for the Future of Power - View Details

Instructor: Chris Robinson, Research Analyst, Lux Research

W2: Battery Safety Training - View Details

Instructor: Shmuel De-Leon, CEO, Shmuel De-Leon Energy, Ltd.


* Separate registration required. 

Wednesday, November 2

8:00 am Battery Breakfast Breakout Discussion Groups

Grab coffee and breakfast and join a discussion group. These are moderated discussions with brainstorming and interactive problem solving, allowing conference participants from diverse backgrounds to exchange ideas and experiences and develop future collaborations around a focused topic.

View Breakout Discussion Details 

9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Corey T. Love, Ph.D., Materials Research Engineer, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

9:05 KEYNOTE PRESENTATION: How the Emergence of AR/VR Could Change Future Battery Requirements for PC Devices

Jeremy_CarlsonJeremy Carlson, Battery Technology Engineer, Lenovo

Upcoming changes to the PC landscape could have significant impact on the battery requirements for mobile computing. Augmented reality/virtual reality will require more intensive processing and low latency communications for immersive environments. This discussion centers on how this could impact the battery requirements for the devices implementing these functions.

High-Capacity Cathodes

9:35 High-Capacity Cathodes for Advanced Lithium-Ion: Challenges and Opportunities

Jagjit Nanda, Ph.D., Senior Staff Scientist, Materials Science & Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This approach has numerous issues ranging from changes in the cathode interfacial structure to gas generation and electrolyte decomposition that can undermine their stability. We discuss recent advances in this topic. The second part discusses the recent advances in polyanionic and conversion type cathodes that offer great promise but still have fundamental material challenges that need to be addressed before practical application. This research is supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy.

ULVAC10:05 Manufacturing Technology of All-Solid-State Thin-Film Lithium Secondary Battery for IoT Applications

Koukou SuuKoukou Suu, Ph.D., ULVAC Fellow, General Manager, Global Marketing and Technology Strategy, ULVAC, Inc.

Solid State Thin Film Li secondary batteries have come to be recognized as one of the key enabling technologies for stand-alone MEMS/Sensor devices which are essential for internet of things (IoT) solution. A detailed explanation will be given on the sputtering process required for the manufacturing of these batteries. ULVAC has developed reliable hardware and processes for the mass-production for solid state Li batteries.

10:20 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

11:00 High-Energy Density Li-Ion Cells Based on CAM-7 High-Capacity Cathode Material

Brian_BarnettBrian Barnett, Ph.D., Vice President, CAMX Power

Suresh Sriramulu, Ph.D., CTO, CAMX Power

Successful implementation of high-nickel cathode materials in Li-ion cells is recognized to be a key approach to ensure required increases in cell energy density for a wide range of applications. We highlight some challenges unique to high-nickel cathode material implementation in Li-ion cells and demonstrate successful strategies for overcoming these issues.

11:30 High-Capacity Ni-Based Layered Oxide Cathode for Li-Ion Batteries

Wei_TongWei Tong, Ph.D., Scientist/Principal Investigator, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Considering the vast interest in Ni-rich layered oxide cathodes, we recently revisited lithium-nickel oxide, an end member of Ni-rich layered oxides, which potentially removes the complexity due to a combination of different transition metals in NMC and NCA. I present our recent study on the synthesis of phase pure LiNiO2 and use it as a model compound to elucidate the intrinsic performance degradation mechanism originating from the high Ni content for those complex Rm layered oxides.

12:00 pm Mesoscale Implications in the Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathode

Partha_MukherjeePartha Mukherjee, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Texas A&M University

The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is a promising energy storage technology, especially in the context of beyond-lithium-ion battery chemistry. However, a key challenge in this conversion chemistry based Li-S battery is the “shuttle effect” due to the transport of intermediate discharge product species between the cathode and anode, which causes active material loss and performance decay. We discuss the mesoscale implications resulting from the microstructure-transport-interface coupling in the Li-S battery cathode.

12:30 Session Break

12:45 Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own

1:15 Session Break

Anode Structures

2:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Brian Barnett, Ph.D., Vice President, CAMX Power

2:05 Development of Large Format Li-Ion Cells with Si Anode and Low Flammable Electrolyte

James Wu, Ph.D., Research Scientist/Engineer, NASA Glenn Research Center

NASA is developing safe, high-energy and high-capacity Li-ion cell designs and batteries for future missions under its Advanced Space Power System (ASPS) project. Advanced cell components, such as high specific capacity silicon anodes and low flammable electrolytes, have been developed for improving cell-specific energy and enhancing safety. We present performance results of these various battery cells and discuss post-test cell analysis results.

2:35 New Long-Life Lithium-Ion Battery with Corrosion-Resistant Ultrananocrystalline Diamond-Coated Components

Orlando_AucielloOrlando Auciello, Ph.D., Endowed Chair Professor, Materials Science, Engineering and Bioengineering, University of Texas at Dallas

Novel electrically conductive/corrosion-resistant nitrogen-deposed ultrananocrystalline diamond (N-UNCD) coating provides excellent chemically robust encapsulation of commercial natural graphite (NG)/copper (Cu) anodes for Li-ion batteries (LIB), providing a solution to the problem of LIBs’ anode materials degradation. In addition, new preliminary data will be presented indicating that electrically conductive N-UNCD coatings can also be used to coat LIBs’ anodes to protect them from Li-induced corrosion, and that insulating corrosion-resistant UNCD coating can be used to coat the inner walls of metallic LIBs’ cases to also protect them from corrosion induced by the Li-based battery environment.

3:05 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

3:20 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

4:00 Criterion for Mechanical Suppression for Dendrites at the Li-Electrolyte Interface: Insights from First-Principles Simulations

Venkat_ViswanathanVenkat Viswanathan, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

A Li-metal anode that can reversibly cycle without forming dendrites is crucial for enabling next-generation battery chemistries like lithium-air and lithium-sulfur. Mechanical suppression of dendrite growth through solid or polymer electrolytes has shown potential for alleviating the problem. We present findings to fill the gaps in our current understanding of the mechanical suppression of dendrite growth at electrode-electrolyte interfaces by explicitly accounting for the anisotropic effects.

4:20 Development of Electrolytes for Use over Wide Operating Temperature Ranges

Dee_StrandDee Strand, Ph.D., CSO, Wildcat Discovery Technologies

Automotive applications require batteries with adequate power down to -30˚C to start the vehicle. This presentation highlights development of electrolyte formulations with wide operating ranges on both graphite and lithium-titanate anodes. The audience will gain an appreciation for the competing solvent/SEI effects over wide temperature ranges. Over the last decade, many governments have implemented more stringent regulations on vehicle fuel economy and CO2 emissions. Start-stop vehicle engines, which shut off during stops for traffic or at a light, play an important role in achieving these targets.

4:40 Meeting Anode Material Cost Goals for Today and Tomorrow through Understanding Performance Drivers and Production Processing Costs

Bridget Deveney, Senior Research Associate, GraftTech International

Lithium-ion has the potential to convert transportation in the U.S. over to fully electric green technology. The major remaining barrier is not technical but cost. This talk details the performance drivers and tradeoffs of various types of anode materials and how the traditional graphite industry can bring capital equipment infrastructure and production-scale knowledge to produce low-cost, high-performance anode materials now and in the future.

IP Strategy and Implementation

5:00 Intellectual Property Strategies for the Burgeoning Advanced Battery Industry

Dan_AbrahamDan Abraham, Ph.D., Vice President, Science and Business Strategy, MPEG LA

Intellectual Property has become a valuable and contentious asset in the advanced battery industry. Drawing upon lessons from other industries, we address how IP creation and enforcement may affect a burgeoning industry. We explore: strategies for avoiding battery IP wars in a manner that fosters industry-wide development and growth, and new opportunities for making IP rights widely available while rewarding IP owners for their innovation.

5:00 Registration for Battery Safety Conference

5:30 Welcome Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

6:30 Close of Lithium Battery Power Conference

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